Learn How Can Fabric Be Treated With a Fire Retardant

Learn How Can Fabric Be Treated With a Fire Retardant

Fabrics and textiles are highly combustible and prone to fire incidents in households, industrial, defense, and manufacturing sectors. As a result, the subject of how fabric can be treated with fire retardants has become a top priority for businesses and homeowners across the United States.

Today, fire retardant chemicals for fabrics are one of the most viable options to prevent them from catching fire.

This blog's major topic is how those fabrics can be treated with flame-retardant chemicals to reduce fires in different industries.

What Are Fire Retardants?

fabric retardants

Fire retardants are chemicals that help prevent fire spread in textiles, plastics, building materials, electrical, transportation, and defense.

They can be efficiently applied to the molecular structures of synthetic fibers as it transforms gases and tars into carbon char, thus decreasing the fabric's burning pace.

Industrial workwear, fireman costumes, contractor attire, painter clothes, and so on all use different fire retardant sprays so the fabric burn slowly.

Chemically speaking, the molecular structures of flame retardants can are classified into the following categories:

  • Halogenated

Brominated (BRFs), carbon-based, chlorinated, antimony oxide, boron-based, minerals, phosphorous-containing, nitrogen-containing, silicon-based, synergists, and others.

  • Non-halogenated

Aluminum hydroxide, magnesium Dihydroxide, organophosphorus, and others

Why Are They So Important?

Fire retardant fabrics are crucial for fire protection. When a fire occurs, the chemical reacts with the flammable material's gases and tars, giving more time for people to get away safely.

They are important because they enable a faster escape time, which has been a crucial concern during fire incidents.

What Makes a Fabric Fire Retardant?

fabric retardant importance

To be classified as a fire retardant, a textile must pass the NFPA 701 test. The NFAP 701 test determines a fabric's ignition resistance after exposing it to a flame for 12 seconds.

Fire retardant fabrics can be classified into inherently and chemically treated materials.

  1. Inherent Flame-Resistant Fabric has FR properties by nature. They are immediately resistant and do not require further treatment.
  2. Chemically-Treated fabrics are flammable substances chemically treated to make them flame-resistant. They are treated precisely, such as fire retardant spray for fabric.

Fabric Treatment With Fire Retardants

There are two common methods for treating and making fire-resistant fabrics:

  • Chemical Dipping: The material submerges in a chemical solution that serves as a flame-resistant barrier when absorbed into the fibers. These compounds undergo a chemical reaction when exposed to great heat.
  • Coating Technique: Textile makers add a fire-retardant back coating to the cloth rather than soaking it. Nonetheless, this procedure renders the fabric rigid and stiff, resulting in less natural-looking drapery.

flammable fabric

Many materials are used to treat textiles that come in the form of spray-on fire retardants for fabrics. These are some of the most often used chemicals applied to fabrics:

  • Kevlar
  • Twaron
  • Indura fr cotton
  • M5 fiber
  • Nomex
  • Coated nylon
  • Carbon Foam
  • Proban fr cotton
  • Pyrovatex fr cotton
  • Dale Anti flame
  • Technora
  • Teijinconex
  • Lenzing FR
  • PBI
  • Carbon X
  • Kanox
  • Mazic
  • Modacrylic
  • Kermel, etc.

RDR Technologies for All Fire-Retardant Chemical Technologies.

Now that you understand what fire retardant materials are make sure to get them from a reputable vendor.

We collaborate with the nation's leading fire-retardant producers to provide you with a one-stop shop to meet your fire code needs.

If you require a special fire retardant or are unsure which product to buy according to your business field, feel free to contact us for an assessment.

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Oct 7th 2022 RDR Technologies

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